1. To make a commercial offer (or a call for tenders) and to be able to use the Incoterms
You have to master the run risks as soon as you have begun an international sale or purchase. You have also to use the incoterms to ensure a good freight. The Incoterms define responsibilities and obligations of a seller and a buyer in the framework of international commercial contracts.
2. To understand the importance of logistics and to adopt a strategy
Do not uderestimate the importance of each component of logistics to have a negotiation power with your partners. Then, thanks to these information, establish a logistic plan with the best proportion cost/efficiency to ensure a good freight of goods.
3. Master of transport operations
You have to be familiar with different means of transport and to choose the most appropriate one for the carried merchandise and its destination.
In addition to that, you have to anticipate damages and possible disputes about the chosen mean to avoid discontents from customers.
You have to insure yourself against different transport risks in order to be completely compensated for potential damages.
You also have to be familiar with costs of transport auxiliaries or intermediaries to get some services executed or to do it yourself.
4. Customs and warehousing
You have to know procedures and customs formalities to make or to control yourself customs clearance.
You have chosen the possibility of warehousing your stocks in warehouses (make enquiries before).
5. Other elements to master
You have to adapt your packaging that is to say to choose it according to the product and its mean of transport.
Without forgetting to create and to master the whole of documents. You have to create documents that prove your actions (commercial invoice, purchase order, etc.) in order to events take place in the best way.
To finish, you have to master all the means of payment in order to be sure to be paid as a seller or to receive your merchandise as a buyer.